https://open.spotify.com/user/22kmoao6etxjgep6732jwgwyi/playlist/0HmUDQ0scY8YmIpIsTeR3f?si=CS-UTR5nTomuWhaUSbfs2g




The playlist I created are songs that cover each American war from the Civil War to the War on Terrorism. I chose two songs per American war Some of the songs are anti-war like Fortune Son and Sky Pilot but others such as The Ballard of Ira Hayes and The Big Battle by Johnny Cash tells a story of battle and neither glorifies nor despise war. I wanted to find a mixture of anti-war songs and non anti-war songs to compare to difference of mood. These songs give an insight of American military history and the importance of these wars, as well as explaining the horrors and violence of battle.


Argonne Forest
America entered the war just in time to save the Allies from annihilation by the Germans who were trying to push forward and end the war. U.S troops were mostly used as morale boost for British and French troops and to show the Germans the power of the U.S, but the ones who were through into the warfare ended up the most important battles of the war. The biggest offensive that the American contributed the most to was the Meuse-Argonne Offensive with one point two million U.S soldiers fighting the Germans in northern France. John Pershing’s men spent forty seven days trying to drive the Germans out their forts in the hills and were eventually successful but not without the loss of twenty six thousand U.S troops. It was the biggest offensive in U.S history. These so called “Doughboys” fought long and hard and prove their worthiness to the Allies and two days later on November the eleventh the Germans officially surrounded. If not for American troops fighting the war would have dragged on even longer with more French and Britain casualties, all for nothing, but Americans helped end the war sooner by getting key victories in the Western Front.
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Pullman Strike
In response to the recession of 1893, the Pullman Palace Car Co. reduced wages by 25% but the standard of living stayed the same, so many families faced starvation. 16 hour shifts, poor conditions, and low wages lead workers to approach George M. Pullman about these problems but was met faced with being laid off from their job. Then on May 11th, 1894 workers ordered a strike and walked off the job in response to getting the problems not fixed. 35% of the Pullman workers were part of the ARU which had been successful before and hoped for another successful strike. When the workers left, the railroad got out of line and work halted and on July 4th workers and sympathizers gathered for the approaching troops and overturned cars and made barricades and soon a protest turned riot and the National Guards men killed four and wounding thirty workers. After this incident, the Pullman workers lost sympathy and help and had lost over a million dollars in wages.

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Battle of Little Bighorn
The Battle of Little Bighorn was fought in 1876 for one main reason and that was gold. Gold was found in South Dakota's Black Hills and the U.S government moved onto the Indians land to move the Indians onto reservations, which ignored previous treaties between the U.S and Indians. The Sioux and Cheyenne, who were upset by the ignorance of the treaties went to join two powerful men by the name of Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull. The U.S government, seeing that the Indians were not following "their rules" of staying on the reservation in protest of being betrayed by the government, send out the 7th Calvary lead by George Custer. Custer and his men were sent out to scout the area for Indians and when Custer kept on moving instead of camping and waiting for reinforcements, he lead his men trait into an early grave. The 7th Calvary had ended up in the Little Bighorn Valley with only six hundred men and met the three thousand men of Sitting Bull in bloody fight that lasted about an hour, known as Custer's Last Stand. Many believe that the Wounded Knee Massacre was the result of Little Bighorn because the soldiers who killed the Indians at Wounded Knee were part of the 7th Calvary.

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Griswold/Lyons
On February 15, 1798 two men by the names of Roger Griswold and Matthew Lyons got into a brawl on the Congress floor. It started when Lyons was not expelled from Congress for spitting in Griswolds eye and by stating that he was the champion of the common man and also was against the preparation of war was called out for being a coward by Griswold. Griswold asked if Lyons would be fighting with his wooden sword, which referenced his cowardliness in the Revolutionary War. Griswold attacked Lyons with his cane by beating him in the head and shoulders until Lyons was able to grab some fire tongs and fight back against the beating. Both men were eventually separated, but not until both had a good beating and were in severe danger of beating each other to death.Congress as depicted in the cartoon, is laughing and cheering on the brawl and it shows the immaturity of the young parties who had yet to fully form.
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Boston Massacre
On the night of March 5, 1770, a group of rioting colonists and a squad of British soldiers met in front of the Old State House. The angry colonists were heckling and throwing snowballs at the British soldiers because of ever growing tensions between colonist and troops who had been stationed all over America to enforce the Townshend Act. Captain Thomas Preston called upon more troops when the mob would not dismiss and so when the soldiers showed up, when they fired into the mob in an act of confusion. The volley left three on the spot and wounding eight others, two of whom died later. This was a significant event that help contribute to the start of the Revolutionary War, and it helped with the propaganda surrounding the massacre such as Paul Reveres painting of it. The painting helped spark anger and disappointing that would help bring America freedom.
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Roanoke
Sir Walter Raleigh sailed to America to set up the first permanent settlement called Roanoke Colony. In the year 1584 Walter Raleigh was exploring the east coast and found Roanoke Island and established great relation with the natives and set up a fortification. Raleigh organized another expedition lead by Sir Richard Grenville to built a settlement and so Grenville left 107 men at Roanoke, as he headed back to England to get more supplies and men. With Grenville not returning soon, because all ships at the time were being used to fight the Spanish, the men grew restless and burned down the fort and attacked the Native Americans. In 1587, John White and 115 colonists where sent to pick up the remaining colonist and when they arrived, there was nobody there. So the colonists rebuilt Roanoke and Governor John White went back to England to get some help. When he landed in 1590, there was no trace of the 115 colonist, but the only clue was the word "CROATOAN" written on a tree, so what happened at Roanoke? Some historians believe that the native Americans killed them or abducted them, because the name "CROATOAN" was written on a tree by the settlement and it's the name of the island south of Roanoke. Others believe, that the colonists tried to sail back to England and got lost at sea or were attacked by the Spaniards coming up from Florida.

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