The connecting theme in this playlist is political scandals and controversies throughout US History. It begins with "Heartbeat Away" by Sheryl Crow. This modern song was written in August 2016 before the election of Donald Trump. It includes the lyrics "the president is sweating, or Russia’s blowing up the phone. Deny, deny everything." Though written before the election, it represents the Russian interference in the election quite well. Next up is "Please Forgive Us" by 10,000 Maniacs and "Lives in the Balance" by Jackson Browne, written in 1986 in response to the Iran-Contra Affair that occurred during Ronald Reagan's second term. During the scandal arms were sold to Iran during an arms embargo in an effort to rescue hostages. "Big Time In The Jungle" by Old Crow Medicine Show and "Old Hippie" by The Bellamy Brothers are included as they represent the Vietnam War and the controversy of the government (Johnson) lying about their action in Vietnam. Next in the playlist is "Son Of Orange County" by Frank Zappa. This song from 1974 is a response to the 1972 Watergate scandal. It even includes Richard Nixon's famous words "I am not a crook." "Sweet Home Alabama" also references the Watergate scandal. In 1945, Woody Guthrie published his song "This Land Is Your Land." The song was altered due to the growing fear of communists that led to McCarthyism. "Stormy Weather" by Lena Horne also represents McCarthyism and the Red Scare. "Brother, Can You Spare a Dime" is on the playlist because it represents the Bonus Army and Hoover's controversial response to the march in Washington D.C. Hoover sent the U.S. Army to break up the protesters. Next is "Teapot Dome Blues" by The Georgia Melodians. Written in 1924, it is a response to the Teapot Dome Scandal of 1922-23 during Warren G. Harding's presidency. The scandal involves a transfer of naval oil reserve land to the Department of Interior, which sold it to private companies. A seemingly unrelated song called "Forever" by Billy Bob Thornton mentions a Sinclair gas station, which reflects the influence of Teapot Dome because Harry Sinclair was one of the private company owners that received land during the scandal. Albert B. Fall, Secretary of the Department of Interior, earned hundreds of thousands of dollars from this. "The Union Wagon" is on the playlist because it represents the presidency of Millard Fillmore, who became president after President Taylor died and acted contrary to Taylor's goals, especially in the Compromise of 1850. I added "James K. Polk" by They Might Be Giants to represent the Mexican-American War and the scandalous beginning to it. Next is "Hail, Columbia" by Philip Phile. The 1789 song was written to unite the country after the XYZ Affair and was unofficially considered the national anthem until 1931.

Hello, everyone.

Unit 1 Historian Points:
A vocab word.
A comment on Daniel's page.
A comment on Tyler's page.

Unit 1 Interesting Topic:
The Trial of John Peter Zenger
The Trial of John Peter Zenger

John Peter Zenger was a newspaper printer of The New York Weekly Journal. In 1733 the newspaper contained an article criticizing William Cosby, who was the governor at the time. He was arrested in 1734 and stayed in jail for eight months before his trial, where he was found not guilty. His trial is a turning point toward America's freedom of the press. Zenger's lawyer, Andrew Hamilton, argued that "the truth is a defense against libel." 'Libel' is a statement that damages a person's reputation. This argument still wins most cases of defamation to this day.

Unit 2 Interesting Topic:
Olive Branch Petition
Olive Branch Petition

The colonists sent the Olive Branch Petition to the king on July 1775. This petition declared loyalty and begged the king to withhold any invasion. Clearly, a significant portion of the colonists was still loyal as the war began. The king, however, refused to even read the petition and declared the colonists were rebels. If you look closely at the Olive Branch Petition, you see that the first signature (and largest) is John Hancock's. I thought this was funny because typically he is remembered for his large signature on the Declaration of Independence, but his signature appears to be large (and at the top and center of the paper) on multiple documents.

Unit 3 Interesting Topic
Pierre Charles L'Enfant
Pierre Charles L'Enfant

Pierre Charles L'Enfant was a military engineer and architect born in Paris, France. In the year 1777, he left France to enlist in the colonial continental army to fight in the American Revolutionary War against the British. He became a prisoner of war at their surrender in Charleston, South Carolina in May of 1780 and exchanged in November of the same year. After the war, he created a civil engineering firm, redesigned the
new York City Hall, and eventually was appointed by President George Washington to plan the new Federal City (District of Columbia) that the new government had authority to establish under the Constitution.

Unit 4 Interesting Topic
Replica of the DeWitt Clinton train at the Henry Ford Museum
Replica of the DeWitt Clinton train at the Henry Ford Museum

The DeWitt Clinton locomotive was the first steam-powered locomotive in the state of New York. It began operations in 1831, operated for 2 years, and was scrapped in 1833. The passenger cars were reused stage-coach bodies. Though this particular locomotive was designed for passengers, other trains transported goods. The railroads of this time period mostly connected the North with states to the West. This increased economic prosperity in the North and provided the advantage of transportation of goods during the Civil War (the North had 22,000 miles of track while the South had 9,500 miles of track).

Unit 6 Interesting Topic
external image Doctor.susan.la.flesche.picotte.jpg
Dr. Susan La Flesche Picotte became the first Native American to earn a medical degree in 1889 from the Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania. She was a symbol of hope for the people living in the Omaha reservation and for Native Americans everywhere. Partway through her education at WMCP she temporarily returned to the reservation to treat a measles outbreak that had affected her family. Later in life she fought for multiple reforms, including temperance. Alcoholism was a major problem on the Omaha reservation. She supported multiple proposed prohibition laws. One such law would have outlawed alcohol in Thurston County, but it didn't pass. Liquor dealers gave illiterate Omahas ballots with "Against Prohibition" written on them, which contributed to the law not passing.

Unit 7 Interesting Topic
external image Bessie_Coleman_and_her_plane_%281922%29.jpg
Bessie Coleman was of African American and Native American descent. She overcame discrimination in the US in order to become the first female pilot of such ancestry. She was denied admittance into US aviation schools, so she traveled to Paris to learn there. Later, she was again forbidden from enrolling in US stunt schools, so she continued her education in France and Germany. She planned on creating a flight school for African Americans, but she died at the age of 34 as a passenger in a stunt accident when the poorly maintained plane threw her from her seat from 2,000 feet in the air.