Hello fellow Historians

Nov 9 1620

Pilgrims Aboard the Mayflower Sight Land

After reorganization, the final sixty-six day voyage was made by the Mayflower alone, leaving from a site near to the Mayflower Steps in Plymouth, England on September 6/16.
With 102 passengers plus crew, each family was allotted a very confined amount of space for personal belongings. The Mayflower stopped off at Newlyn in Cornwall to take on water.
The intended destination was an area near the Hudson River, in "North Virginia". However the ship was forced far off-course by inclement weather and drifted well north of the intended Virginia settlement. As a result of the delay, the settlers did not arrive in Cape Cod until after the onset of a harsh New England winter. The settlers ultimately failed to reach Virginia where they had already obtained permission from the London Company to settle, due to difficulties navigating the treacherous waters off the southeast corner of Cape Cod.

Source: Wikipedia Added by: Rob Brent
The Pilgrims were planning to build their settlement around the mouth of the Hudson's River near present-day Long Island, New York; but when the Mayflower turned south, she nearly shipwrecked in some difficult shoals off the coast of Cape Cod. The Pilgrims decided not to risk another attempt, but instead to explore the region around Cape Cod. They anchored in what is now Provincetown Harbor on November 11, 1620. Since they were no longer going to settle where they had thought, and did not technically have the permission of the King of England, the Pilgrims drew up the so-called "Mayflower Compact," to give themselves the authority to establish a government there--it was a temporary solution, until an official patent could be obtained.

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The journey of the Mayflower seemed to be very disastrous. From the start, the original boat was not sufficient, and was replaced. The actual voyage was delayed by harsh weather and endured a New England winter. The Mayflower never made it to their intended destination in Virginia, and ended up near present day Long Island, New York.When they reached land, they wrote their own document to give themselves permission to settle in the new area called the Mayflower Compact.They believed that they had been delayed and put off course for a purpose. It was indeed very lucky for them to endure all the hardships of the journey and make it safely to the New World.
Unfortunately, the hardest part wasn't over. Over half of the colonists would die of disease within the first year of settlement.

Unit 3:Griswold-Lyons Affair
Image result for griswold lyons affair carving
Image result for griswold lyons affair carving

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The cartoon above shows the infamous brawl in House of Representatives between Democratic-Republican Matthew Lyon of Vermont and Federalist Roger Griswold from Connecticut. Lyon responded to a verbal insult from Griswold by spitting in Griswold's eye. Still seething two weeks later, Griswold used his cane to pummel Lyon, whereupon Lyon retaliated with some fire tongs. Before long, the two were grappling on the floor. All this occurs to the apparent delight of their legislative colleagues, who appear to enjoy the impromptu brouhaha. Another congressman lamented that the incident had reduced Congress to "an assembly of gladiators." Soon afterward, poor Lyon became the first person convicted by the Federalists of violating the Sedition Act of 1798. His crime? The lawmaker accused President John Adams of having "a continual grasp for power—an unbounded thirst for ridiculous pomp, foolish adulation, and selfish avarice."
In My opinion, the Griswold-Lyons Affair demonstrates the struggle of creating a new nation. In this event, the anger and disagreement between two Americans erupted into a brawl in the courtroom. I think this demonstrates each sides willingness to achieve their own goals.

Unit 6:
Sitting Bull
Sitting Bull

Defender of His People

Confrontation with American soldiers escalated in the mid-1870s after gold was discovered in the Black Hills, a sacred area to Native Americans that the American government had recognized as their land following the 1868 Fort Laramie Treaty.
As white prospectors rushed into the Sioux lands, the American government tabled the treaty and declared war on any native tribes that prevented it from taking over the land. When Sitting Bull refused to abide by these new conditions, the stage was set for confrontation.
Sitting Bull's defense of his land was rooted both in the history of his culture and in the fate he believed awaited his people. At a Sun Dance ceremony on the Little Bighorn River, where a large community of Native Americans had established a village, Sitting Bull danced for 36 consecutive hours, slashed his arms as a sign of sacrifice, and deprived himself of drinking water. At the end of this spiritual ceremony he informed villagers that he had received a vision in which the American army was defeated.
In June 1876, just a few days later, the chief led a successful battle against American forces in the Battle of the Rosebud. A week later he was engaged in battle again, this time against General George Armstrong Custer in the now famous Battle at Little Bighorn. There, Sitting Bull led thousands of Sioux and Cheyenne warriors against Custer's undermanned force, wiping out the American general and his 200-plus men.
For the U.S. government the defeat was an embarrassment, and the Army doubled down its efforts to wrest control of the territory from Native American tribes. To escape its wrath, Sitting Bull led his people into Canada, where they remained for four years.
Sitting Bull is one of the most famous chiefs. He was a symbol for his people. All of the confrontations came from gold. He genuinely wanted to protect his people and devoted his life to it. After researching him I learned that after he went to Canada, he was in Buffalo Bills show but eventually left back to his home. He was killed by Police Officers because he was considered "dangerous".

Such an important leader...his story is really quite amazing and sad. He was ultimately killed by Indian police officers working for the government. Keep on researching his life... -SW

My playlist is based around hard times in American Hostory. In this playlist I tried to choose songs which came from various genres and time periods. To begin with, I chose Gimme Shelter by the rolling stones. I felt that this song represented the struggles at the time it was written. Then, Fortunate Son showed the struggle of the Vietnam war. All Along the Watchtower, in my opinion, talks about the difference between upper and lower classes. Other songs talk about struggles through African Americans, youth as a whole, and money.