Define.....or the Pinkertons will visit your house.

“New” Immigration-> Migrants coming from non English countries, mainly from Southern and Eastern Europe ( Italy, Germany, Austria, etc.) having different cultures. Mainly being pushed out of their homelands due to: religious/racial/political persecution, famine or little economic opportunity ~~ Klemm P. 3
Imm. Restriction League
Amer. Protective Assoc.
National Labor Union-> (NLU) 1866-1873, a labor movement that sought to improve working conditions going through legislative reform using collective bargaining. Citizens from Baltimore, Maryland ( skilled and unskilled laborers) went to a convention to discuss the topic of work conditions and how they would put pressure on congress to pass a law to limiting an eight hour work day. Later transforming into the National Labor Reform party in 1872. Only for the party to collapse and disappear a year later. ~~ Klemme P. 3
Knights of Labor--Founded in 1869 inn Philadelphia, the KOL was the first important national labor organization in America, and it initially began as a secret organization that worked to protect its members from the retaliation of their employers. (McCall B.)
Molly Maguires
Great RR Strike->aka the Great Upheaval, occurred on July 14 1877 in Martinsburg West Virginia, when Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) corporation cut wages back for the third time that year. The strike lasted for a total of 45 days and was terminated after local and state militias, as well as federal troops, intervened. ~~Klemme P. 3
Homestead Strike
Henry Clay Frick
Pullman Strike-> May 11, 1894, a strike, as well as boycott, that citizens across the nation participated in. The Pullman Palace Car Company reduced the company wages to 25%. Employees later came to Pullman and complained that their wages wasn't enough to support families and 16 hour work days was too much. But, Pullman refused to return wages to how they were and fired the complaining employees. This strike is the first time an injunction was used to break a strike. As a leading factor of this strike Cleveland and Congress created the national holiday Labor day ~~Klemme P. 3
yellow dog contracts--This is a contract/agreement between a worker and an employer that states that the worker will not remain in or become a part of a (labor) union during his/her employment. (McCall B.)
Samuel Gompers-> an English born american that was a Labor Union leader. As well as a key figure in American labor history. He founded the American Federation of Labor and was the organizations president. Promoting harmony within different craft unions that compromised, minimizing jurisdiction battles. ~~ Klemme P. 3
Terence Powderly- The head of the Knights of Labor, but poorly led them to reform compared to the American Federation of Labor. Was one of many blamed for the Haymarket riot- Hanarose G
Eugene V. Debs
Bill Haywood
Mother Jones
Haymarket Square
Pinkertons--Otherwise known as the Pinkerton National Detective Agency, this was a private security guard and detective agency founded in the United States in 1850 by Allan Pinkerton. (McCall B.)

Lincoln Steffens
Ida Tarbell
Edward Bellamy
Helen Keller
Jacob Riis
Currency Act of 1900
W.E.B. Dubois
Booker T. Washington
Temperance Crusade
18th Amendment- prohibited the selling, importing,or manufacturing of alcohol for a short period of time. Was repealed in 1933- Hanarose G.
Theodore Roosevelt
“The Square Deal” -> 1910, A domestic policy in which was adopted by President Theodore Roosevelt, which pledged to not favor any group of Americans and be fair, equal, just to all. President Roosevelt focused on three simple goals: Conservation of natural resources, Control of corporations, and Consumer protection (aka the Three C's). The three C's mainly focused on helping the middle class attack plutocracy but also protected businesses of extreme demand from organized labor. ~~Klemme P. 3
The Jungle: Written in 1906 and written by Upton Sinclair, this novel recounted the harsh conditions immigrants faced in the United states, particularly in industrialized cities. ~Maggie S.
Pure Food & Drug Act: Passed in 1906, this laws removes harmful and not correctly labeled food and drugs in interstate trade. ~Maggie S.
Gifford Pinchot: Chief of the United States Forest Service who advocated for the conservation of the world's resources by "planned use and renewal," and was known for the term conservation ethic. ~Maggie S.
John Muir: A Scottish-American preservationist who founded the Sierra club. ~Maggie S.
Sierra Club: Started in 1892, this cub was the first large scale environmental organizations which promoted the process of politicians promoting environmentalist policies. ~Maggie S.
Bullmoose Party: Founded by Theodore Roosevelt in 1912, this political party was also known as the progressive party. ~Maggie S.
“New Nationalism”: This was started by Theodore Roosevelt as well (the first time it was said was in 1910 in a speech by him) where he tried to bring together both the conservative and liberal aspects of the republic party. ~Maggie S.
Carrie Chapman Catt: She was an American women's suffrage leader who fought for the formation of the 19th amendment. ~Maggie S
Hull House: Opened in 1889 by Jane Addams and Ellen Starr, this house was open to immigrants arriving from Europe. It grew to the point of having 500 settlement houses. ~Maggie S.
Women’s Club movement
19th Amendment: Made in 1920, this amendment gave women the right to vote. The amendment was inspired by the Suffrage movement. ~Maggie S.
“The Professions”
Jane Addams- Women's rights advocate and founder of the Hull House. Also pushed for education and playgrounds for children, and various other child labor improvements. -Hanarose G.
Alice Paul--An American suffragist, feminist, and women's right activist who was one of the main leaders in the campaign for the 19th Amendment, which outlawed gender discrimination in the right to vote. (McCall B.)
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
William H. Taft
Socialism- those who want the Government in charge of production and distribution of goods.-Hanarose G.
Sherman Anti-Trust Act--This was the first federal act that outlawed interstate monopolistic business practices by big corporations, and prohibit trusts. It was passed by Congress on July 2, 1890. (McCall B.)
Northern Securities Co.
Interstate Commerce Act
Direct primary/recall
Robert La Follette
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
Woodrow Wilson
Payne-Aldrich Tariff
Newlands Act
Louis Brandeis
“New Freedom”
Federal Reserve Act
George Creel
Espionage/Sedition Acts
Comm. On Public Info.
War Industries Board
Selective Service Act
Schenck v. U.S.

Red Scare
Palmer Raids
Bolshevik Revolution
American Plan
A. Mitchell Palmer
Sacco and Vanzetti
Chicago Race Riots
Scottsboro Case
Prohibition: Law passed in 1920 in the US outlawing alcohol -Maisen P4
The “New” KKK
National Origins Act
Birth of a Nation: 1915 film written by D W Griffith, very racist portrayal of reconstruction -Maisen P4
religious fundamentalism: belief of an individual or group of individuals in the absolute authority of a sacred religious test- Maisen P4
Billy Sunday: Popular outfielder in National baseball league, became influential American Evangelist -Maisen P4
Scopes/Monkey Trial: Trial staged in 1925 in Dayton, Tennessee that accused a substitute teacher of teaching evolution, he was found "guilty" and fined $100 -Maisen P4
Clarence Darrow: Defense attorney in Scopes Trial and other unpopular cases and people -Maisen P4
Flappers: (in the 1920s) a fashionable young woman intent on enjoying herself and flouting conventional standards of behavior -Maisen P4
New Woman: feminist ideal coined by Sarah Grant -Maisen P4
The Lost Generation: the generation reaching maturity during and right after WWI in which many of the men died in the war -Maisen P4
Sinclair Lewis
Jazz Age: During roaring twenties, age when jazz music and dance became popular globally -Maisen P4
Al Capone
Harlem Renaissance
New Negro
A. Philip Randolph
Marcus Garvey
Langston Hughes
Emma Goldman
Margaret Sanger
Charles Lindbergh
H.L. Mencken
Warren Harding
Teapot Dome Scandal
Calvin Coolidge
Herbert Hoover
Henry Ford
Wright Brothers
Dale Carnegie
Federal Trade Comm. Act
McNary-Haugen Bill
Sheppard-Towner Act
Black Tuesday
Dust Bowl
Popular Front
The Grapes of Wrath
John Steinbeck
Bull/Bear Markets of 20’s
Great Crash

Andrew Mellon
Hawley-Smoot Tariff
“rugged individualism”
Bonus Army
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
100 Days Congress
Wagner Act
Social Security Act
Glass-Steagall Act
Frances Perkins
Huey Long
Dr. Townshend
Father Coughlin
Sit-down strike
American Liberty League
welfare state
“Black Cabinet”
Court packing plan- FDR was trying to get more democratic justices in the Supreme Court by expanding the limit and persuading those over 70 to retire with full payment. FDR was accused of "packing the court" for purposes of the New Deal but didn't need to as two Supreme Court Justices switched to the democratic party.- Hanarose G.
Schechter Poultry case
Harry Hopkins

Rosie the Riveter- Campaign model for women to join the war efforts in World War II. An image of empowerment to promote the capabilities of women.- Hanarose G.
War Production Board
Smith-Connally Act
“no-strike” pledge
Wartime migration
Japanese internment
Korematsu v. U.S.
Double V
Zoot-suit riots