Define, or Boss Tweed will throw down some big time Machine Politics on y'all!

Andrew Johnson
Presidential Recon.
Wade-Davis Bill
Congressional Plan
Civil Rights Acts of 1866
13th Amendment
14th Amendment
15th Amendment
Radical Republicans
Freedmans’ Bureau: This group was made to help African Americans have an easier transition into their free lives. They provided education services and land; however this program still tended to be corrupt in the way of robbing the people of color in not providing the right amount of resources in order to save money. ~Maggie S. P.4
Thaddeus Stevens
Hiram Revels
Tenure of Office Act: This restricted Andrew Johnson from firing cabinet members. Up until that point he had gotten rid of them in rapid numbers. ~Maggie S P.4
Edmund G. Ross
“waving the bloody shirt”
KKK/white league: This was an extremely racist and extremist group created to target certain groups (usually minorities). Through this cult many were killed and threatened. ~Maggie S. P.4
“The Lost Cause”
Black Codes: In an effort of redemption of the South they placed these rules on people of color to try to once again start on the path of oppression. ~Maggie Schultz P.4
Crop-Lien System
Credit Mobilier
Whiskey Ring- a scandal, exposed in 1875, involving diversion of tax revenues in a conspiracy among government agents, politicians, whiskey distillers, and distributors. -Maddie G. P.3
The Greenback question
Force Acts of 1870/71
minstrel show
tenant farming- an agricultural system in which land owners contribute their land and often a measure of operating capital and management.-Maddie G. P.3
Jim Crow laws- state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States. They mandated racial segregation in all public facilities in the states of the former Confederate states. -Maddie G P.3
Plessy vs. Ferguson
The New South
Booker T. Washington
The Atlanta Compromise
Compromise of 1877
Rutherford Hayes

Frederick Jackson Turner
Turner Thesis: This thesis stated that in order to be American, one had to venture out into the unexplored frontier and fight savage animals. Especially in men, this was thought to be needed to be manly and obtain a certain roughness. ~Maggie S. P.4
Rocky Mt. School
Frederic Remington
Chinese immigration
Chinese Exclusion Act- a United States federal law signed by president Chester A. Arthur on May 6, 1882, prohibiting all Chinese laborers. -Maddie G. P.3
Homestead Act
boom towns: These towns were created because of the uprise of the transcontinental railroad. When a train ran through an area, a city grew up around it and became populous and thriving; thus creating a boom town. ~Maggie S. P.4
long drives
range wars
Joseph Glidden
Chief Joseph
Sitting Bull
“concentration” policy
Sand Creek Massacre
George Custer
Little Big Horn
ghost dance
Wounded Knee massacre
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Dawes Severalty Act- authorized the president of the US to survey American Indian tribal land and develop it into allotments for individual Indians. -Maddie G P.3
Helen Hunt Jackson
The Wild West Show
placer mining
Sod busters
Mary E. Lease: She was known for her famous quote, "Stop raising corn, and starting raising Hell." ~Maggie S. P.4
James B. Weaver
The Grange movement
Farmers’ Alliances: Farmers lived an extremely secluded and isolated life, so this group was created in order to establish a social group for farmers to have dances and other fun events. During this time the farmers also spoke to each others on the issues they were facing in the unfair economy. ~Maggie S. P.4
People’s (Populist) Party
“Free Silver”
Crime of ’73
Panic of 1893- a serious economic depression, marked by the collapse of railroad overbuilding and shaky railroad financing which set of a series of bank failures. Maddie G P-3.
Coxey’s Army
William Jennings Bryan
Cross of Gold speech: This speech, created by William Jennings Bryan, was made in response to gold being suggested as the only currency. He supported the farmers who wanted silver as another means of currency. ~Maggie S. P.4

Bessemer Process: This machine helped make the production and creation of steel much easier. Because of this,the manufacturing of railroad tracks skyrocketed. ~Maggie S P.4
Henry Ford
vertical integration: This process, created by Carnegie, combined the entire process of manufacturing and making the process from start to finish. ~Maggie S. P.4
horizontal integration: Created by Rockfeller, this combined smaller business into supporting one big one. This resulted in rich businesses dominating the economy, and in trusts forming. ~Maggie S P.4
monopoly-control over all of one kind of product which allows for one company to regulate prices. Vanderbilt had a monopoly on boats and railroads. -rose p4
The trust/holding co.
“limited liability”
J.P. Morgan
Andrew Carnegie- An American industrialist, led the expansion of the steel industry in the late 19th century.- Maddie G P. 3
John D. Rockefeller- owned the oil industry and created standard oil. Wealthiest man, business magnate, and philanthropist -rose p.4
Union Pacific
Central Pacific
“Self-Made man”
Social Darwinism- a theory made by Herbert Spencer of survival of the fittest in the business world. whoever has the skills to be on top financially deserves to be and the lower classes should be left to suffer. Let the weak die off -rose p.4
Gospel of Wealth- an article written by Andrew Carnegie that describes the responsibility of the philanthropy by the new upper class of self-made rich.
Horatio Alger
James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
“Boss” Tweed
Tammany Hall- a political force in New York City from its 1789 conception as benevolent association to mayoral campaigns in the 1950's. -Maddie G P3
Half Breeds/Stalwarts
Pendleton Act- an act released in 1883 to enforce that a politician be a politician based on ability to complete job not based on relation to a cabinet member or by favoring. -rose p.4
Henry George

ethnic city- a city inhabited by those of similar ethnicities. Ex. Chinatown and little Italy -rose p.4
dumbbell tenement: a tenement building formerly common in New York City and having a long narrow plan characterized by two narrow air wells at each side -Maisen P4
chain stores: One of a series of stores that are owned by the same company and contain the same merchandise -Maisen P4
department store: A large store stocking many different types of goods in different departments -Maisen P4
public leisure: The general public has both time and money for down time in which they fill with things like vacation, plays, etc -Maisen P4
vaudeville- A play with a mixture of burlesque comedy and song and dance- Maisen P4
dime novels- a cheap novel typically adventure or melodramatic romance- Maisen P4
Social Realism- an international art movement , encompasses the work of painters, printmakers, photographers, and filmmakers who draw attention the everyday conditions of the working class and the poor. -Maddie G P3
Frederick Law Olmstead: considered father of American landscape Architecture- Maisen P4
Jacob Riis
Louis Sullivan
Guglielmo Marconi
Florenz Ziegfeld
Dr. James A. Naismith
P.T. Barnum
Mark Twain: Famous author and entrepreneur- Maisen P4
Salvation Army: an international religious and charitable group organized on military lines and founded in 1865 by William Booth for evangelizing and social betterment for the poor -Maisen P4
Ashcan School
Columbian Exposition: AKA Chicago Worlds fair -Maisen P4
Buffalo Bill Cody