Define as the Union depends on YOU!



Manifest Destiny:
19th Century doctrine that stated: America's expansion throughout North America was both justifiable and inevitable. The term was first coined by John L. O'Sullivan in the July-August edition of the United States Magazine and Democratic Review in the article about the annexation of Texas in 1845. This belief would further be emphasized by the Romantic Movement and would become the basis of Expansionism. [Kai Bowne:Period Three]
John L. O’Sullivan:
An American Columnist who coined the term "Manifest Destiny" in the United States Magazine and Democratic Review to support the Texas Annexation and acquisition of the Oregon Territory. [Kai Bowne: Period Three]
Sam Houston:
An American Soldier, Senator, and Former Governor of Texas. Houston is most known for his victory at the Battle of San Jacinto and his pivotal role in the Texas Revolution. [Kai Bowne: Period Three]
Stephan F. Austin:
An American Empresario, known as the Father of Texas and successfully colonized the territory of Texas with over 300 families by 1825. Austin was also a key leader in the Texas Revolution and ran for President of Texas in 1836, but lost to Sam Houston and served as Secretary of State. He also served as commissioner to America during Texas' Independence. [Kai Bowne: Period Three]
Battle of the Alamo/Goliad
Tejanos - Mexican residents of Texas that fought with the Americans in the Mexican-American War. Thought to be Mexican spies after Texas won it's independence. -m/murphy
General Santa Anna
Oregon Country
John Jacob Astor
“54’ 40 or fight!” - Slogan for the northern boundary of Oregon. -m/murphy
The Whitmans
John Sutter
49er’s
John Tyler
Bear Flag Revolt
Mexican-American War
Rio Grande/Nueces Line
James K. Polk
Zachary Taylor
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Wilmot Proviso
William H. Seward
Santa Fe Trail
Union Pacific
Central Pacific
Leland Stanford
John C. Fremont

Free-Soil Party: This party's ideals consisted mainly of the opposition of slaves spreading to the West. They weren't particularly passionate on the idea of slavery being morally wrong, but they didn't want slaves taking jobs in the west. ~Maggie Schultz P.4
Compromise of 1850: This contained 5 separate bills in 1850 regarding the territory of slave and free states. California was declared a free state, the Wilmot Proviso was outlawed in the new Utah and Mexico territories, slave trade was banned in Columbia, a stricter fugitive slave law was formed, and Texas gave up its claim to New Mexico. ~Maggie Schultz P.4
Fugitive Slave Act
popular sovereignty: Through this system, elected representatives of a state help make the ideal of a rule by the people real. The people have the final say in an argument. ~Maggie Schultz P.4
Millard Fillmore
James Buchanan: He was the 15th president of the United States, and was a democrat. He sided with the South in admitting Kansas as a slave state, which angered Republican abolitionists and Northern Democrats. ~Maggie Schultz P.4
Charles Sumner
Irish/German immigration
Native American Party
Know-Nothings
Third Party System
Republican Party: This party formed in 1854 when the Kansas Nebraska Act was passed. It consisted mainly of Whigs and former Free Soil Democrats. ~Maggie Schultz P.4
Franklin Pierce
“Young America”
Ostend Manifesto
Gadsden Purchase: Containing the region of southern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico, this territory was purchased by James Gadsen in 1853. This purchase was to make a transcontinental railroad in the southern route. ~Maggie Schultz P.4
Kansas-Nebraska Act: This was passed on May 30, 1854, and allowed Kansas and Nebraska to decide whether or not they were a slave or free state. This greatly angered the North. ~Maggie Schultz P.4
Stephen A. Douglas: A strong believer in popular sovereignty, he helped a lot with the Compromise of 1850, and was also known for reopening confrontation on the issue of slavery with the Kansas-Nebraska Act. ~Maggie Schultz P.4
Bleeding Kansas: This contained multiple violent confrontations because of the issue of whether or not Kansas would allow slavery. This lasted between 1854-1861. ~Maggie Schultz P.4
Sumner/Brooks affair
John Brown: He was an abolitionist accused of being a terrorist because of his violent acts, such as the crisis of Bleeding Kansas when his followers and him killed 5 men in support of slavery. ~ Maggie Schultz P.4
Pottawatomie Massacre
slave power conspiracy
Dred Scott case
Lecompton Constitution
Panic of 1857
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Harper’s Ferry
Lincoln/Douglas Debates
Election of 1860

Abraham Lincoln
Crittenden Compromise
CSA
Fort Sumter
Jefferson Davis
Battle of Bull Run
Anaconda Plan
African American troops
General McClellan
U.S. Grant - Ulysses S. Grant was a commanding General of the Union army during the Civil War. - m/murphy
Robert E. Lee - Was a commanding General for the Confederate Army. Surrendered during the Civil War at the Appomattox Court House, due to the loss of 1/3 of his army. - m/murphy
General Sherman
Clara Barton
New York Draft Riots
Union Blockade
Ex Parte Milligan
Copperheads
greenbacks
National Bank Acts
Confiscation Acts
Emancipation Proc.
Gettysburg
Union Party
Merrimack/Monitor
Trent Affair
Antietam
March to the Sea
Appomattox
John Wilkes Booth