Define Away...

Alexander Hamilton - Washington's aide during the Revolution and the first Secretary of the Treasury during Washington's presidency. - Aidan McIntyre, p.4

James Madison - One of the [[#|Founding Fathers]]; the fourth President of the United States - Aidan McIntyre, p.4

Edmund Randolph - The first Attorneys General of the United States - Aidan McIntyre, p.4

Roger Sherman - A delegate from Connecticut to the Constitutional Convention and one of the creators of the Three-Fifths Compromise. - Aidan McIntyre, p.4

Thomas Jefferson: An American Founding Father and is the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third President of the United States of America from 1801 to 1809. Jefferson also served as Vice President under John Adams from 1797 to 1801 and was a proponent of democracy, republicanism, individual rights, and the Democratic-Republican Party. Jefferson also, served as Minister to France during the American Revolutionary War and after as the first Secretary of State; also, he heavily opposed Hamilton and the [[#|Federalist Party]].
Here is a link to an info-graphic that details some accomplishments and acts of Jefferson. Link
-Kai Bowne [Period Three]

Patrick Henry- an attorney and planter well known for his famous saying "Give me liberty or give me death!- Hanarose P.4

democracy: form of government in which people choose leaders by voting -Maisen S p4

republic: country that's governed by [[#|elected representatives]] and an elected leader -Maisen S p4

Statute of Religious Liberty: Document written by Thomas Jefferson that called for separation of church and state -Maisen S p4

Newburgh Conspiracy: Continental Army's plan to challenge Confederate Congress for not meeting financial obligations to military -Maisen S p4

The Articles of Confederation: first form of government in US, ratified in 1781, was not successful because it gave very little power to the federal government -Maisen S p4

Northwest Ordinance: Passed in 1787, set of rules for governing Northwest Territories and setting up new states so they would have the same rights and status as existing ones -Maisen S p4

Shays’ Rebellion: 1786 and 1787, led by Daniel Shays and most prominent in Massachusetts but other states also participated, series of protests by American farmers about local tax enforcement, scared politicians and helped shape Constitution -Maisen S p4

Annapolis Convention - an unsuccessful meeting called in Annapolis by Virginia, in 1786, to discuss commercial problems. Only 12 delegates from five states showed up, and Virginia had asked for all 13. - Maya Murphy

Founding Fathers

Federalism: distribution of power in an organization between a central authority and the constituent -Maisen S p4

Philadelphia Convention- This convention was an important meeting in which delegates from each state came together to revise the Articles of Confederation but they ended up scrapping the Articles and writing a stronger document meant to support a central government known as the constitution.-Hanarose P.4

New Jersey Plan: This plan, also known as the small state plan, called for each state to be represented in a legislature equally. In other words, the number of representatives that each state got would be the same and not population dependent. This made it "fair" for the small states in the new country. -Tyler Sand p.3

Virginia Plan: This plan called for each state to be represented in a legislature by a number of representatives based off of the states population. The smaller states found this unfair as they would not get fair say due to their small populations. Farming communities shared this fear. -Tyler Sand p.3

Great Compromise: A plan to settle the dispute of state representation between large and small states. It created the Senate which had an equal number of representatives and the House of Representatives which had representatives based off of a states population(one for every 30,000). -Tyler Sand p.3

presidential cabinet

3/5’s Compromise- proposed by James Wilson and Roger Sherman to give states with slaves the ability count three fifths of the population of slaves towards representatives for that state. -Hanarose P.4

Commerce Compromise- The issue whether congress could regulate trade, Northern states supported congress regulating trade, Southern states were against it, the outcome was that congress could regulate trade, but no export tax, and no limit on slave trade for 20 years. Maddie G Per 4

Federalists: The first Political Party in America, founded in 1789. The party called for a strong, national government that promoted economic growth and forging relations with Britain; also, opposition of the revolution in France and its support in America. The party controlled American politics until 1801, when it was overthrown by Jefferson and the establishment of Jeffersonian Democracy. Founders of the party include: Alexander Hamilton, Treasury of State under Washington; John Jay, first Supreme Chief Justice of the United States; John Adams, second President of the United States; and, Charles C. Pinckney, United States Minister to France under Washington.
-Kai Bowne [Period Three]


The Federalist Papers - A collection of 85 essays written by James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton to convince the populous to support the ratification of [[#|the Constitution]]. - Aidan McIntyre, p.4

Separation of Powers

Elastic Clause - in Article 1, Section 8 of the constitution, this clause gives congress the right to use powers not specifically stated in the Constitution in order better perform the duties presented to them in the constitution. -Shelley T p4

[[#|Legislative Branch]]: In charge of making laws, levying and collecting taxes, and making financial appropriations -Maisen S p4

Executive Branch- Primarily consists of President, Vice President, cabinet. The president is in charge of implementing and enforcing laws that are written by congress. The cabinet is responsible for day to day enforcement of laws. The Vice President will step in for the president if anything prevents the president from fulfilling his duties. Minor sections include the department of agriculture, department of commerce, department of defense, department of education, department of energy, homeland security, department of justice, department of labor, and many more. All of these assist in keeping the country running smoothly and safely. -Emily C p.3

Judicial Branch- Decides things in regard to the meaning of laws, how to apply them to real situations, and it's boundaries in relations to the US constitution. It also consists of the court systems, with the US Supreme Court being the highest. -Emily C p.3

Bill of Rights - The first 10 amendments that restrict governmental power over the people. - Maya Murphy P3
ratification: to make agreement official by signing or voting -Maisen S p4
George Washington: An American politician and soldier who is remembered, most famously, for serving as the first President of the United States from 1789 to 1797. Washington also served as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and presided over the 1787 convention that drafted the United States Constitution.
Here is a link to an info-graphic that details some accomplishments, acts, and failures of Washington. Link
-Kai Bowne [Period Three]

debt assumption - An idea that Alexander Hamilton proposed. Proposition to have the National Government consume all debt. Southerners weren't too happy about this because they had worked hard and payed off their debt, whereas the Northerners had not. - Maya Murphy

Whiskey Rebellion: A reaction to a tax proposed by Alexander Hamilton that would tax "spirits" in order to help repay debt from the revolution. Western farmers refused to pay the taxes because they felt that the tax was unfair to their demographic. Whiskey rebels fought against the state militias and were ultimately defeated.
-Tyler Sand p.3

Jay’s Treaty- A treaty made by John Jay, that in 1794 was signed by Great Britain and America that resolved outstanding conflicts from before the revolution-Julia Zickefoose p.3

Pickney’s Treaty

John Adams

Aaron Burr- 3rd vice president of the U.S. and also know for defeating Alexander Hamilton in a dual.-Hanarose
Bank of the U.S.

Citizen Genet

John Jay- An American patriot a, diplomat, and Founding Father, also the creator of the Jay Treaty

GW Farewell Address

Robespierre - The perpetuator of the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution. - Aidan McIntyre, p.4

Quasi War - An undeclared naval war between France and the U.S. between 1798 and 1800.

XYZ Affair - A confrontation between the United states and the Republican France that led to the undeclared war called the Quasi-war. (Indigo Jenkins per.4)

Republican Party

Virginia/Kentucky Resolutions

Neutrality Proc. of 1793- declared nation to be neutral in the conflicts between France and Great Britain.-Hanarose P.4

Griswold-Lyons Affair

French Revolution - An uprising in France against the established monarchy between 1789 and 1799. - Aidan McIntyre, p.4

Alien and Sedition Acts- Four bills passed by the federalist dominated 5th United states congress that made it harder for an immigrant to become a citizen. (Indigo Jenkins per.4)
The “Revolution of 1800”

Pierre L’Enfant

Judiciary Act of 1801- An act to provide for the more convenient organization of the court of the United States. (Indigo Jenkins per.4)

Marbury vs. Madison- Marbury was appointed Justice of the peace by John adams and after he was out of office, he decided he wanted his job in which Maison turned him down because now it went against the constitution. (Indigo Jenkins per.4)

Louisiana Purchase

Lewis and Clark

Burr Conspiracy

loose/strict constructionism

Essex Junto - a term used by John Adams to describe an opposing group of Federalists from Essex, Massachusetts during the War of 1812. -Shelley T. per4


John Marshall

judicial nationalism

Treaty of Greenville

Barbary Pirates

Embargo Act of 1807

impressment: They were brothers who were concerned with the US encroachment on their lands. -Maggie S. p.4

The Chesapeake Incident - a conflict between the British and American Navy in 1807. British sailors aboard the HMS Leopard boarded the U.S.S. Chesapeake attempting to impress American sailors, leading to Jefferson's Embargo Act as retribution. - Shelley T p4

Battle of Horseshoe Bend

William Henry Harrison

The War Hawks: This group was formed in 1811 and were young congressmen from the South and Western Frontier who focused on war. -Maggie s p.4

Henry Clay: He was from Kentucky and was the leader of the War Hawks, who was considered to be an amazing orator, so was also the speaker of the house. -Maggie S. p.4

War of 1812: This war was between Britain and America and lasted from June 18, 1812 until February 18, 1815.

Oliver Hazard Perry: He was an American naval commander who was famous for helping the Americans win against Britain in the War of 1812 in the Battle of Lake Erie. -Maggie S p.4

Francis Scott Key: He wrote the lyrics for the poem "The Defense of Fort McHenry," which then became the national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner." -Maggie S p.4

Battle of New Orleans: This was the final battle of the War of 1812. General Andrew Jackson was against the British Admiral Alexander Cochrane and Jackson saved New Orleans which America had bought in the Louisiana Purchase. -Maggie S p.4

Hartford Convention: This occurred from December 12, 1814- January 5, 1815. The New England Federalist Party discussed concerns about the War of 1812. However, when Jackson won in the Battle of New Orleans, they were discredited. -Maggie S p.4

Treaty of Ghent: This was the peace treaty that ended the War of 1812, which was signed on December 24, 1814. It was ratified by the US senate on February 17, 1815. -Maggie S p.4

Rush-Bagot Agreement: This was an exchange of notes between the American Richard Rush and the British Charles Bagot which contained information on the restriction on naval forces in the Great Lakes during the War of 1812. This had stayed relatively the same to this day and helps with the border between America and Canada. -Maggie S p.4